Sky blue is the name of a colour that resembles the colour of the unclouded sky at noon (azure) reflecting off of a metallic surface. The entry for “sky-blue” in Murray’s New English Dictionary (1919) reports a first sighting of the term in the article on “silver” in Ephraim Chambers’s Cyclopaedia of 1728. However, many writers had used the term “sky blue” to name a colour before Chambers. For example, we find “sky blue” in A Collection of Voyages and Travels (London: Awnsham and John Churchill, 1704), vol. 2, p. 322, where John Nieuhoff describes certain flowers: “they are of a lovely sky blue colour, and yellow in the middle”.
The sense of this colour may have been first used in 1585 in a book by Nicolas de Nicolay where he stated “the tulbant of the merchant must be skie coloured”.
Fashion designers may work full-time for one fashion house, as ‘in-house designers’, which owns the designs, or they work alone or as part of a team. Freelance designers work for themselves, selling their designs to fashion houses, directly to shops, or to clothing manufacturers. The garments bear the buyer’s label. Some fashion designers set up their own labels, under which their designs are marketed. Some fashion designers are self-employed and design for individual clients. Other high-end fashion designers cater to specialty stores or high-end fashion department stores. These designers create original garments, as well as those that follow established fashion trends. Most fashion designers, however, work for apparel manufacturers, creating designs of men’s, women’s, and children’s fashions for the mass market. Large designer brands which have a ‘name’ as their brand such as Abercrombie & Fitch, Justice, or Juicy are likely to be designed by a team of individual designers under the direction of a design director.